Different Types of Artificial Intelligence

Different Types of Artificial Intelligence 

Different Types of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence 


If we talk about 21st century, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the most revolutionary technology. AI is part of our daily life, we can find everywhere. In this article, we will learn about the different types of Artificial Intelligence (AI)


What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a kind of advanced technology or development of computer systems that are programmed of performing works that require human intelligence, like solving complex problems, decision making, object detection, etc.

The words Artificial Intelligence (AI) was coined by John McCarthy in 1956. AI is created on the bases of algorithms, applying techniques like deep learning, rules and machine learning. Some of the functions of AI are planning, reasoning, learning, problem-solving and decision making.


Different Types Of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Now let was talk about the different types of Artificial Intelligence in technology.
Artificial Intelligence can be divided into 7 different types. These 7 types are of 2 main categorizations which are based on Capabilities and based on Functionally of AI.


Artificial Intelligence Based on Functionality


1) Reactive Machines AI

This type of Artificial Intelligence is the most basic and commonly found in our daily life. It works based on the present data, I mean they work on the present situation and do not store memories or past experiences for future actions.

That means they have called on action on the present situation and perform the tasks on the best possible action. The best example of Reactive Machine is IBM's Deep Blue System. In the 1990s, IBMs Deep Blue beat the great Chess player Garry Kasparow. And another example is Google's AlphaGo.

2) Limited Memory AI

As per the name, Limited Machines can store past memories for a short period of time and improves the decisions by studying that data from its memory. This AI system can use its short time past memories to deliver future decisions.

The best example of this AI is Self-Driving Cars. It uses the past data to make immediate decisions like to identify the cars crossing the roads, traffic signals, the distance of other cars, speed limit, steep roads, safe drive, etc. So AI is very useful in preventing any future accidents. Apple’s Chatbot Siri is also a Limited Machines AI.

3) Theory of Minds AI

The Theory of Minds AI is related to human psychology. It is the most advanced type of Artificial Intelligence. This types of AI are designed to understand the human's belief, emotions, thoughts, expectations and thoughts can be better comprehended in future. The Theory of Mind AI is under development and research are going on.

4) Self-Aware AI

We have seen many movies where robots become self-aware and have their own consciousness, In Marvel's Movies, Avengers robots become self-aware but still operated by humans.

In real-world if Self Aware AI is achieved then it will have it's own conscious, super-intelligent, self-awareness and sentient. It would be like a complete human being and smarter than the human mind. Still, it does not exist in reality only hypothetical concepts are there.

Different Types of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence 



Artificial Intelligence on the bases of Capabilities.


1) Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) or Weak AI

At present time Narrow AI exists. This type of AI is advanced but only perform a specific task autonomously using human-like capability. They perform nothing more than what they are programmed by the creator. So, they have a narrow and limited range of ability to complete tasks.

ANI is available in industries and trained to perform only a single specific task. Some of the examples of ANI are well known to us. Apple's Siri is a simple example of Narrow AI. It was specially designed to perform a limited pre-defined set of functions. In our real-life example of ANI are Image and speech recognition system and Self-driving Cars, Google Assistant, Google Translator.

According to functionality, this type of machines is categories under the Limited Memory AI and Reactive AI. I have discussed these two AI above.

2) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) or Strong AI or Deep AI

This types of AI are very smart intelligent and perform tasks just like a human being. We have seen in movies like 'HER' and other sci-fi movies where human communicate and interact with advanced machines that are sentient, emotional, conscious and self-awareness.

  At present, this AGI is not created, but there is hope that it will be soon created and these machines will be smarter than a human being. AGI will have functions like reason, solve problems, make plans, make judgments, learn, integrate prior knowledge in decision making, innovative, creative and many more.
 

3) Artificial Superintelligence (ASI)


Different Types of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence 


Quoted By Elon Musk 
“The pace of progress in artificial intelligence (I’m not referring to narrow AI) is incredibly fast. Unless you have direct exposure to groups like Deepmind, you have no idea how fast—it is growing at a pace close to exponential. The risk of something seriously dangerous happening is in the five-year timeframe. 10 years at most.” 

Quoted By Nick Bostrom ( Oxford Philosopher)
"Any intellect that greatly exceeds the cognitive performance of Humans in virtually all domains of interest"

This type of AI will be most advanced technological machines on Earth that will surpass human intelligence in all aspects, whether it is general wisdom, creativity or problem-solving. Machines will perform tasks or express their intelligence which human being has never gone through.

At the current time, it is just a hypothetical concept of AI where researchers are trying to develop such machines. Future is not very far.

I hope you have learned something from my article about Different Types of Artificial Intelligence.
For more information about Artificial Intelligence check my other articles. If you have like then share with your friends. 
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